The Negro Spiritual Royalties Project

On Sunday, October 31, 2021, the United Parish in Brookline ​launched a brand new racial justice initiative centered on the musical legacy of enslaved African Americans. We will begin the practice of collecting “royalties” ​for the African American, or “Negro,” Spirituals we sing in worship.


(Negro Spirituals is the term most commonly used by Black Americans and historians for this body of music. The term itself makes many white Americans uncomfortable, but I believe the discomfort is a necessary part of the process.) Unlike other hymns and worship music, Negro Spirituals were not published until after the names of their creators were long forgotten, if they were ever even known. The​y are ​both ​witness to the horrors of slavery and racism, ​and witness​ ​to a ​merciful​, faithful​, and just Christianity​ which we still aspire to live into today. As an art form, Negro Spirituals are the unacknowledged intellectual property of​ the enslaved Africans in America. Many of these songs were eventually written down, and have become the source of literally countless musical arrangements and compositions published and sold to churches, schools, community choruses, orchestras, bands, and all manner of musical organizations.

The enslaved people who first gave voice to the Spirituals are not known by name, but their songs are. “This Little Light of Mine,” “Honey in the Rock,” “Swing Low Sweet Chariot,” “Deep River,” “Every Time I Feel The Spirit,” “Nobody Knows the Trouble I’ve Seen,” “There is a Balm in Gilead,” “Were You There When They Crucified My Lord,” “Go Down Moses,” “Wade in the Water,” and many others, are songs that still speak to us and through us, and they make us want to sing. They are many of the ways we learn about grace.

Now, whenever we sing Negro Spirituals at the United Parish, we will collect an offering that will support the development of young Black musicians. For the next two years at minimum, we have chosen at Hamilton-Garrett Music and Arts, in Dorchester, as the recipient of the royalties collected. Now imagine if churches, schools, and music publishing companies started to pay even a small amount in royalties to organizations like Hamilton-Garrett? Sheet Music Plus, just one of the many music distributing companies in America, lists 33,000 different arrangements of Negro Spirituals. What if music publishers and distributors began automatically paying a 10% royalties fee for all the arrangements of Negro Spirituals that they sell? For individuals, the cost would be minuscule, but the cumulative financial outcome could be huge. Even if the individual payments are small, little by little, this practice will become an instrument of a larger quest for restorative justice.

About the Spirituals, Frederick Douglass said:

When on their way, the slaves would make the dense old woods, for miles around, reverberate with their wild songs, revealing at once the highest joy and the deepest sadness. They would compose and sing as they went along, consulting neither time nor tune… I have sometimes thought that the mere hearing of those songs would do more to impress some minds with the horrible character of slavery, than the reading of whole volumes of philosophy on the subject could do.

Enslaved Africans and African Americans left behind a legacy of breathtakingly beautiful music. They soothe, inspire, break down walls, protest indignities, preach the gospel, show us how to pray, and lead us in the path of righteousness.

Learn More

Read a blog post from Minister of Music Susan DeSelms, October 28, 2021

Read the sermon transcript or listen to the audio recording or watch the full worship recording or just the sermon on our YouTube channel from October 31, 2021.

Read the article in the Brookline Tab/Wicked Local, November 2, 2021

Read the article from GBH News, November 16, 2021

Listen to and read the transcript of the NPR Weekend Edition story, January 8, 2022

Watch an interview with Susan DeSelms, and Gerami Groover-Flores on Rev. Al Sharpton’s MSNBC show “Politics Nation”, January 15, 2022.

Susan DeSelms was part of a panel on February 26, 2022 for the UCC Musicians Assocation Webinar “Royalties for Spirituals: Our Use of Spirituals in Worship and How to Pay for Their Use.” Her co-presenters were Adam Waite of Montview Blvd. Presbyterian Church in Denver, and Dr. Emmet G. Price of Berklee School of Music. Click here to watch the webinar, or here to listen to the audio recording.

Read an article by Susan DeSelms in Faith and Leadership, a learning resource for Christian leaders and their institutions from Leadership Education at Duke Divinity, March 22, 2022.

Watch a news story from NBC10 Boston, April 12, 2022.

Read the article from Newsweek from July 31, 2022.

Watch WCVB Channel 5 Chronicle, “Brookline-based choir raises money to support young Black musicians”, October 13, 2022

If you’d like to contribute to the Negro Spiritual Royalties Project, click here, and select “Special Gift Negro Spirituals”. Our Missions Giving Committee will all match donations that come in. You can also donate directly to Hamilton-Garrett here.

As of 2/15/2022, the United Parish Negro Spiritual Royalties Initiative has given over $10,000 to Hamilton-Garrett Music and Arts Academy. Gifts include:

Contact Minister of Music Susan DeSelms at


Suggested reading:

In Their Own Words – Slave Life and the Power of Spirituals by Eileen Guenther, 2016

May We Forever Stand: A History of the Black National Anthem by Imani Perry, 2018

The Book of Negro Spirituals, ed. James Weldon Johnson, 1925

The Music of Black Americans, A History, Third Edition by Eileen Southern, 1997

The Creation of Negro Spirituals: An Ennobling Power of Survival, Laurie Treat, 2019

Way Over in Beulah Lan’: Understanding and Performing the Negro Spiritual by Dr. André Thomas, 2007

Suggested Videos: